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The M-14 rifle is a 7.62 mm magazine-fed, gas operated shoulder weapon, designed primarily for semi-automatic fire. The M-14 originally had a M2 bipod for use as a squad automatic weapon. The rifle is considered by many an excellent design. Its drawbacks were that it was heavy for infantry soldiers and it was not as accurate when in full automatic fire at 750 rounds a minute.
There were several original manufacturers of the M14 rifle over the years. TRW, Winchester, Springfield Armory, and Harrington and Richardson produced thousands of these fine M-14 rifles.
The M14 rifle is easy to disassemble and clean. It breaks down into the barrel and receiver, firing mechanism, and the stock. The stock was made of either wood or synthetics.
The M14 Rifle is a lightweight replacement for the M1 Garand rifle and the M1918A2 BAR of WWII. The Army selected the M14 rifle in 1957. Production of the M14 rifle was halted in 1964, by which time 1,380,874 had been manufactured. It was the standard service rifle until it was replaced in the late-1960s by the 5.56mm M16A1 rifle. At one time it was the standard issued rifle for Marines.
The M14A1 was called the Squad Automatic Weapon. The M14A1 differed from the M14. It had a pistol grip, a different flash suppressor, and a light bipod.
The M14 rifle is now used primarily in the Competition in Arms program, for drill, and ceremonial purposes. The M16 rifle replaced the M14 as the Table of Organization rifle for the Marine Corps during the Vietnam War.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC) Designated Marksman Rifle (DMR) uses the new enhanced M14 rifle. The M14 rifle has recently seen action with the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit in Kandahar, Afghanistan.
M14 National Match was designed as an upgraded M14 in 1959. Improvements in the National Match included an upgraded barrel and upgraded sights for improved accuracy.
M14 Length: 44.14 inches (112.12 centimeters)
Length of Barrel: 22 inches (55.88 centimeters)
Empty magazine: 8.7 pounds (3.95 kilograms)
Full magazine and sling: 11.0 pounds (5.0 kilograms)
Bore diameter: 7.62mm
Maximum effective range: 500 yards
M14 Muzzle velocity: 2,800 feet (853 meters) per second
M14 Cyclic rate of fire: 750 rounds per minute
Magazine capacity: 20 rounds
M14 Rifle Unit Replacement Cost: $576
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