M14 Rifle and M14A1 Rifle
The M-14 rifle is a 7.62 mm magazine-fed, gas operated shoulder weapon, designed primarily for semi-automatic fire. The M-14 originally had a M2 bipod for use as a squad automatic weapon. The rifle is considered by many an excellent design. Its drawbacks were that it was heavy for infantry soldiers and it was not as accurate when in full automatic fire at 750 rounds a minute.
The M14 rifle is easy to disassemble and clean. It breaks down into the barrel and receiver, firing mechanism, and the stock. The stock was made of either wood or synthetics.
The M14 Rifle is a lightweight replacement for the M1 Garand rifle and the M1918A2 BAR of WWII. The Army selected the M14 rifle in 1957. Production of the M14 rifle was halted in 1964, by which time 1,380,874 had been manufactured. It was the standard service rifle until it was replaced in the late-1960s by the 5.56mm M16A1 rifle. At one time it was the standard issued rifle for Marines.
The M14A1 Rifle was called the Squad Automatic Weapon. The M14A1 differed from the M14. It had a pistol grip, a different flash suppressor, and a light bipod.
The M14 rifle is now used primarily in the Competition in Arms program, for drill, and ceremonial purposes. The M16 rifle replaced the M14 as the Table of Organization rifle for the Marine Corps during the Vietnam War.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC) Designated Marksman Rifle (DMR) uses the new enhanced M14 rifle. The .308 rifle has recently seen action with the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit in Kandahar, Afghanistan.
M14 National Match Rifle
M14 National Match was designed as an upgraded M14 in 1959. Improvements in the National Match included an upgraded barrel and upgraded sights for improved accuracy.
M14 Rifle Ammunition
Cartridge, 7.62mm, BALL
Cartridge, 7.62mm, BLANK
Cartridge, 7.62mm ARMOR PIERCING
Cartridge, 7.62mm TRACER
Cartridge, 7.62mm, DIM TRACER
Cartridge, 7.62mm, SPECIAL BALL: LONG RANGE
M14 Weapon Data
- Length: 44.14 inches (112.12 centimeters)
- Length of Barrel: 22 inches (55.88 centimeters)
- Empty magazine: 8.7 pounds (3.95 kilograms)
- Full magazine and sling: 11.0 pounds (5.0 kilograms)
- Bore diameter: 7.62mm
- Maximum effective range: 500 yards
- Muzzle velocity: 2,800 feet (853 meters) per second
- Cyclic rate of fire: 750 rounds per minute
- Magazine capacity: 20 rounds
- Rifle Unit Replacement Cost: $576